Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2018, Page: 49-54
Decision Management Tools for Trans-Boundary Water Management in Lake Chad Basin
Adeniran Akanni, Environmental Planning & Climate Change Department, Ministry of Environment, Lagos, Nigeria
Received: Aug. 25, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 14, 2018;       Published: Oct. 15, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.wros.20180703.14      View  907      Downloads  123
The Lake Chad basin, one of Africa’s oldest river basin has shrank to one-tenth of its original size. The environmental degradation that had occurred in the basin over the years has had direct impact on the livelihood of people in the region. The problem in the Lake Chad Basin has also constituted social risks to populations of the region resulting in accelerating global climate change due to years of unsustainable resource use. The ecological degradation in the basin has further exacerbated conflict with attendant terrorism in the region. Using a coordinated science-policy market place of ideas, an event during the EU-AU Workshop in water-energy-food nexus held in Italy in 2016, a team of scientists and policymakers from both Africa and European Union looked at the reason for the water loss and how to make the solution of inter-basin water transfer proffered practicable. Sustainability tools were recommended in the basin to provide policy advice for decision makers while also developing a nexus framework to enhance future sustainability of the basin. This paper also addresses cooperation among different stakeholders by suggesting new governance pattern and opening up the basin to external collaborators to reverse the declining fortune of Lake Chad basin.
Lake Chad, Trans- Boundary, Basin, Conflict, Management
To cite this article
Adeniran Akanni, Decision Management Tools for Trans-Boundary Water Management in Lake Chad Basin, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2018, pp. 49-54. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20180703.14
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
GEOSS Africa Water Cycle Coordination Initiative- AWCCI (2010). Weblink: www.earthobservations.org/.../1st_AWC_Symposi.
United Nations- Millenium Development Goals(MDG)(2002). Weblink: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals.
Oyebande L (1997) .Integrated management of the Lake Chad Basin in Nigeria. Preparatory Assistance Report, UNDP/GEF.
(5)Global Environmental Facility (GEF). Report on Lake Chad Basin (2003) .Weblink: www.thegef.org/gef/.../Regional_-_Lake_Chad_Basin_Ecosystem.pdf.
(16)UNEP (2004). Fortnam, M.P., Oguntola, J.A. (Eds.), Lake Chad Basin, GIWA Regional Assessment 43, University of Kalmar, Sweden, 129 p. Aslo available at: http://www.giwa.net/areas/reports/r43/giwa_regional_assessment_43.pdf.
Impact Assessment Inc (IAI) (2006) Environmental and Social Risk Assessment in the Lake Chad Basin. A report submitted to LCBC.
Olivry, J. C., Chouret, A., Vuillaume, G., Lemoalle, J. & Bricquet, J. P. (1996) Hydrologie du Lac Tchad. Monographie hydrologique n° 12, ORSTOM edn., Paris, France.
Mohammed Bila (2011). Brief on Lake Chad Basin. PPt. presentation at the joint workshop on Earth Observation Capacity Development for IWRM at River Basins in Africa held in Nairobi, Kenya.
Jauro, A.B., 2007. Socio-economic issues and conflict resolution in water resources use. A paper presented at a Regional Roundtable on Sustainable Development of the Lake Chad Basin, organized by DTCA at the University of Maiduguri.
Bonfica Inc.(2018). Presentation by Bonfica Inc. at the International Conference on Lake Chad Basin in February, 2018, Abuja, Nigeria
World Wildlife Fund (WWF) 2010.Managing Rivers Wisely-Lake Chad. Web link: assets.panda.org/downloads/mrwlakechadcasestudy.pdf.
Magrin Geraud(2016).The disappearance of Lake Chad :history of a myth.Journal of Political Ecology 23:204-222.
(3)Djoret D (2000) Étude de la recharge de la nappe du Chari Baguirmi (Tchad) par les méthodes chimiques et isotopiques. Dr-Thesis at the Université d’Avignon et des pays de Vaucluse, France.
(14)Schneider JL, Wolff JP (1992) Carte géologique et cartes hydrogéologiques à 1/1,500,000 de la Républic du Tchad : Mémoire explicatif (Geologic and Hydrolgeological Maps of the Chad Republic in a 1 :1500000 scale: explanatory memorandum).
Goni, I.B., Kachallah, M. and Aji, M.M., 2000. Another look at the peizometric head declines in Middle zone aquifer of the Chad Formation in the Southwestern Chad basin. Borno J. Geology, l&2 (2), Pp. 51-64.
(13)Ringleb, J., Sallwey, J., Stefan, C. (2016): Assessment of Managed Aquifer Recharge through Modeling—A Review. Water, 8(12): 579. doi:10.3390/w8120579.
(4)Harbaugh, A.W., 2005, MODFLOW-2005, The U.S. Geological Survey modular ground-water model – the Ground-Water Flow Process (TM 6-A16).
(4)Eberschweiler CH (1993) Monitoring and Management of Groundwater Resources in the Lake Chad Basin. Final Report Project R 35 985. BRGM with funding from Fonds d’aide et de Coopération de la République Française Convention N° 98/C88/ITE.
Ngatcha BN, Mudry JE, Aranyossy JF, Naah E, Sarrot Reynault J (2007) Apport de la géologie, de l’hydrogéologie et des isotopes de l’environnement à la connaissance des « nappes en creux » du Grand Yaéré (nord Cameroun). Revue des Sciences de l’Eau 20 (1) (2007) 29-43. ISSN : 1718-8598.
Panthou G, Vischel P, Lebel T. 2014. Short Communication: Recent trends in the regime of extreme rainfall in the Central sahel. Int J Climatol. 34: 3998 – 4006.
Ifabiyi, IP, Ojoye S. 2013. Rainfall Trends in the Sudano-Sahelian Ecological Zone of Nigeria. Earth Sci ResJ. 2(2).
(4) Dong B, Sutton R. 2015. Dominant role of greenhouse-gas forcing in the recovery of Sahel rainfall. Nat. Clim Chang. doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2664.
(11) Okonkwo C, Demoz B, Sakai R, Ichoku C, Anarado C, Adegoke J, Amadou A, Abdullah SI. 2015. Combined Effect of El Niño Southern Oscillation and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Lake Chad level variability. Cogent Geoscience. 1: 1117829.
Browse journals by subject