Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014, Page: 89-94
Exchanges of Methane between Lakes and the Atmosphere in Hokkaido, Subarctic Climate Region, Japan
Masafumi Sasaki, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kitami Institute of Technology, Kitami, Japan
Noboru Endoh, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kitami Institute of Technology, Kitami, Japan
Received: Dec. 12, 2014;       Accepted: Dec. 27, 2014;       Published: Jan. 4, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.wros.20140306.14      View  2662      Downloads  155
Abstract
Dissolved methane concentrations (DM) at twelve major lakes in Hokkaido, the northernmost island in Japan were observed in the open water season during 2006 ~ 2009 to estimate diffusive flux from lake surfaces to the atmosphere. An inverse relationship between lake size and DM was obtained in lakes in Hokkaido as was found for the European boreal lakes. All lake images larger than 0.001 km2 were obtained by image processing of map data and area and number distributions were analyzed in order to calculate mass fluxes of diffusive methane. Total area of all (1,269) lakes in Hokkaido is 809 km2. Regional diffusive flux of methane from lakes to the atmosphere in Hokkaido was estimated to be 0.581 Gg CH4 yr–1. Average diffusive flux density (per lake area) was about 0.718 g CH4 m–2 yr–1. This is a similar value to that in European boreal lakes on no-permafrost inland areas. Extremely high flux was found in Lake Abashiri-ko, one of highly eutrophic, meromictic lakes.
Keywords
Methane Flux, Lakes, Eutrophication, Global Warming
To cite this article
Masafumi Sasaki, Noboru Endoh, Exchanges of Methane between Lakes and the Atmosphere in Hokkaido, Subarctic Climate Region, Japan, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 89-94. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20140306.14
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