Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014, Page: 69-73
Desalination Using Algae Ponds under Nature Egyptian Conditions
El Nadi M. H. A., Public Works Dept., Faculty of Eng., ASU, Cairo, Egypt
El Sergany F. A. G. H., Civil Eng. Dept., HIT, 10th of Ramadan City, Egypt
El Hosseiny O. M., Civil Eng. Dept., Future Univ., Cairo, Egypt
Received: Nov. 26, 2014;       Accepted: Dec. 2, 2014;       Published: Dec. 8, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.wros.20140306.11      View  3063      Downloads  267
Abstract
This study aims to study the suitability of using algae for water desalination as a new conceptual technique using algae ponds under the nature circumstances. A pilot unit consisted of three serial basins each divided to three parallel basins was erected outdoor in open area to be under natural climatic conditions. The algae were prepared in the lab using BG11 media to encourage its growth under saline water then put in the basins with 0.4 lit/path/run for algae rate and 0.1 lit/path/run for BG11 rate. The basins fed by several concentrations from saline water from 2000 ppm till 40000 ppm with several runs to get the TDS removal efficiency. The experimental work shows that the removal efficiency for TDS in the first basin varied between 61& 80.5% and became after second basin between 71& 93% which increased by third basin to 83 to 97.7%. These variations were due to inlet TDS concentration and the climatic conditions (Temperature & sunlight period). The results achieved high removal efficiency for TDS and the results in the highest inlet concentration were inside the permissible limits for drinking water after the third basin.
Keywords
Water Desalination, Innovative Techniques for Desalination, Biological Desalination, Desalination by Algae
To cite this article
El Nadi M. H. A., El Sergany F. A. G. H., El Hosseiny O. M., Desalination Using Algae Ponds under Nature Egyptian Conditions, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 69-73. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20140306.11
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